Kälin – Kochenov Quality of Nationality Index

The Kälin – Kochenov Quality of Nationality Index (QNI) provides a comprehensive ranking of the quality of nationalities worldwide. To ensure a high level of reliability, a wide variety of strictly quantifiable data is used to gauge the opportunities and limitations that our nationalities impose on us. For that purpose, the QNI measures both the internal value of nationality, which refers to the quality of life and opportunities for personal growth within our country of origin, and the external value of nationality, which identifies the diversity and quality of opportunities that our nationality allows us to pursue outside our country of origin.



The reality that the QNI describes is, in many respects, regrettable. In the majority of circumstances, our nationality plays an important role in establishing a highly irrational ceiling for our opportunities and aspirations, reflecting the core aspect of being a national of some place, which is a random consequence of birth boasting no correlation with a person’s achievements, ideas, feelings, and desires — ‘a birthright lottery’ to use Ayelet Shachar’s memorable phrase. This is something that the creators of the index do not endorse, but rather observe as part of the day-to-day reality that the index aims to document. The QNI is the source of a dynamic understanding of the quality of world nationalities, measured by a set of clear and transparent criteria.



The QNI will be of interest to anyone who is curious about how their nationality performs in comparison to other nationalities and about the local, regional, and global opportunities and limitations associated with their nationality. The Index is of particular significance to financially independent individuals who wish to acquire the benefits of an alternative citizenship, who can use the QNI as a reference tool when selecting the most valuable second or third nationality for themselves and their families.

The QNI is the result of a successful cooperation between Dr. Christian H. Kälin and Professor Dr. Dimitry Kochenov, who is a leading constitutional law professor, with a long-standing interest in European and comparative citizenship law.

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The following table shows the top 10 nationalities on the 2017 QNI:

Rank Score
Rank Score

Global and regional infographics

Below is a list of global and regional infographs available for download:

Global Infographs

Africa infographs

Middle East infographs

Southeast Asa infographs

North Asia infographs

Caribbean infographs

Expert commentary

The QNI includes detailed insights from leading academics and researchers on the major trends affecting the quality of nationalities worldwide. Access these insights through the download links below.

A Human Cartographic Approach to Mapping the Quality of Nationality Index
by Benjamin Hennig, University of Iceland and University of Oxford, and Dimitris Ballas, University of Groningen
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by Dimitry Kochenov, University of Groningen
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French Nationality
by Sébastien Platon, University of Bordeaux
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German Nationality
by Daniel Thym, University of Konstanz
Click here to download.

by Christian H. Kälin, Henley & Partners
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The Quality of Nationalities of Countries That Don’t Exist: Measuring the Value of Unrecognized Nationalities
by Justin Lindeboom, University of Groningen
Click here to download.

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