Important factors to consider in residence planning
The Henley Passport Index is the original ranking of all the world’s passports according to the number of destinations their holders can access without a prior visa. The ranking is based on exclusive data from the International Air Transport Association (IATA), which maintains the world’s largest and most accurate database of travel information, and enhanced by the Henley & Partners Research Department.
With expert commentary and historical data spanning 15 years, the Henley Passport Index is an invaluable resource for global citizens and the standard reference tool for governments in this field.
The Henley Passport Index website provides comprehensive, printable lists of the countries you can access visa-free, with an electronic visa (e-Visa), with a visa on arrival, or with a normal visa. It also allows you to compare the strength of passports and understand how you might improve your travel freedom with alternative citizenship.
Visit henleypassportindex.com to view the global ranking and find out more about increasing your passport power.
Residence- and citizenship-by-investment programs enable nations to grant residence or citizenship rights to individuals in exchange for a substantial investment.
Citizenship-by-investment refers to the process whereby qualified and carefully vetted candidates are granted full citizenship in exchange for their significant economic contribution to the passport-issuing state. Residence-by-investment refers to a similar process, but candidates in this case are granted temporary residence, which can be extended to permanent residence or, in some cases, citizenship at a later stage.
For individuals, the key benefits of holding an alternative passport include expanded travel mobility, access to business and educational opportunities on a global scale, ease of asset diversification, and improved safety and security in a rapidly changing world.
For host countries, the foreign direct investment secured through these programs creates both sovereign and societal value. Debt-free liquidity is injected into the economy, resulting in additional capital flows both to the public sector — encouraging fiscal autonomy, diversifying the economy, and creating employment opportunities — and the private sector, in the form of investments in existing enterprises, infrastructure, start-ups, and real estate.
There are now residence- and citizenship-by-investment programs in nearly 100 countries around the world, including more than 70% of EU member states.
Outlined below are the details of the most successful and credible programs in the residence and citizenship categories. These programs uphold the highest standards of due diligence, attracting carefully vetted individuals who bring capital, business networks, and talent to the host country in question.
|Nationality||Rank||Visa-free or visa-on-arrival access||Minimum capital requirement for
||185 destinations, including Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, the UAE, the UK, the USA, and Europe’s Schengen Area||EUR 3 million|
||183 destinations, including Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, the UAE, the UK, the USA, and Europe’s Schengen Area||EUR 1 million|
||174 destinations, including Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, the UK, the UAE, and Europe’s Schengen’s Area||EUR 2.15 million|
|St. Kitts and Nevis||27
||154 destinations, including Hong Kong, Singapore, the UK, and Europe’s Schengen Area||USD 150,000|
|Antigua and Barbuda||30
||150 destinations, including Hong Kong, Singapore, the UK, and Europe’s Schengen Area||USD 100,000|
||145 destinations, including Hong Kong, Singapore, the UK, and Europe’s Schengen Area||USD 100,000|
||124 destinations, including Hong Kong, Singapore, the UAE, and Europe’s Schengen Area||EUR 350,000|
||120 destinations, including Russia, Turkey, and Europe’s Schengen Area||EUR 135,000|
||111 destinations, including Hong Kong, Japan, and Singapore||USD 250,000|
The information provided here reflects the 2020 Henley Passport Index ranking on 7 January 2020.